Marijuana concentrates defined

AZMMJ Concentrates Challenged

By Lindsay Howard
   The end of June marked a big shake up for the Arizona Medical Marijuana Program and all who belong to it, regarding ‘hashish’ and subsequently cannabis concentrates.  The Arizona Court of Appeals ruled in case: State of Arizona vs. Jones, because Arizona Medical Marijuana Act (AMMA) failed to mention ‘hashish’ specifically, it is therefore illegal as are any extraction of the plant.  (6/27 email State v Jones) Let’s take a look into, hashish, and marijuana concentrates along with how both are utilized for their medical benefits, as well as how they are made.

Traditional Hash and Kief

The most simple and widely made form of concentrates, made by running the buds, or flower, over silk screens allowing the trichomes to fall through and collect is referred to as: Keif.  Another form of Hashish is Bubble Hash, in this process the buds are mixed with ice and water (as the THC will not dissolve in the icy water) rather it will freeze and raise to the top for extraction, then sifted through bubble bags for farther filtering of the final product.  Bubble Hash is typically darker in color and much more concentrated usually found in a more  compacted block than its precursor, (loose) Keif.  Patients have found both Bubble Hash, and Keif,  beneficial for instant relief of various symptoms systematically (via edibles), and a solvent-free method of maximizing mother nature overall!

Oil Wax Shatter

     When compared to Hashish, Cannabis concentrates yield a higher THC percentage (40%-90%) as all forms utilize a solvent for extraction.  The most commonly used solvents are butane, and CO2. Either must be fully purged from the plant matter before eligible for consumption. Opponents of Marijuana concentrates tend to doubt the purging such solvents, causing the cannabis extraction industry to mainly lean towards CO2 extraction over butane.  Oils that are typically found in vaporizer cartridges and made into various tinctures,  have gained popularity for the ease of use with discretion and little to no odor. Tincture is the easiest method to consume cannabis (or any other herb) with precise dose with out having to inhale anything at all.  Vaporizer Cartridges deliver an instant affect with out the carcinogens related with smoking. Wax is the most commonly found cannabis

Smoking vs Eating Cannabis, Which Method is for Me???

Ingestion vs. Inhalation By: Lindsay Howard Cannabis users have had the longstanding debate since the plant was discovered, is it better to inhale cannabis or eat it? The answer is always in the opinion of the cannabis user, and usually swayed by the affects desired, or illness being remedied. There are benefits from both methods…

Can Cannabis Help My Chronic Pain???

How Cannabis is Effective for Different Types of Pain Relief By: Lindsay Howard For many years, Cannabis has been recognized for its amazing ability to relieve pain. More importantly, cannabis has also been successful in relieving pain from different origins. As in, pain from the Central Nervous System, inflammation from injury and even neuropathic pain…

What Is Cannabinol (CBN)?

You’ve heard about CBD and THC…but what about CBN? The number of known cannabinoids is over a hundred. Each one has its own set of effects. People with limited knowledge of cannabinol (CBN) have assumed that it is simply a degraded, less potent cannabinoid derived from THC. It’s barely present in cannabis flowers and it…

Terpenes: Learn how terpenes work synergistically with cannabinoids

Introduction to Terpenes The cannabis plant consists of a wide variety of chemicals and compounds. About 140 of these belong to a large class of aromatic organic hydrocarbons known as terpenes (pronounced tur-peens). You may have also heard people talk about terpenoids. The words terpene and terpenoid are increasingly used interchangeably, although these terms do have different meanings.…

Binge Drinking Drops In States With Recreational Marijuana

(Photo by Keith Bedford/The Boston Globe via Getty Images) Binge drinking across the United States is at an all time high. Yet, a new report from the Wall Street investment firm Cowen & Company shows that this dangerous alcoholic behavior is on the decline in states that have legalized the leaf in a manner similar to alcohol.…

Report: Arizona Has 159,000 Patients and Sold 8,194 Lbs. of Marijuana

The Arizona Department of Health Services’ (ADHS) latest medical marijuana program report, which covers through the month of February 2018, reveals that there are 158,488 active medical marijuana patients in Arizona. Maricopa County has the largest number of patients with 101,023. Pima County was second with 21,999 patients, then Pinal County with 8,860 and Yavapai County with 8,088.…

Marijuana legalization could help offset opioid epidemic, studies find

(CNN)Experts have proposed using medical marijuana to help Americans struggling with opioid addiction. Now, two studies suggest that there is merit to that strategy.

The studies, published Monday in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine, compared opioid prescription patterns in states that have enacted medical cannabis laws with those that have not. One of the studies looked at opioid prescriptions covered by Medicare Part D between 2010 and 2015, while the other looked at opioid prescriptions covered by Medicaid between 2011 and 2016.
The researchers found that states that allow the use of cannabis for medical purposes had 2.21 million fewer daily doses of opioids prescribed per year under Medicare Part D, compared with those states without medical cannabis laws. Opioid prescriptions under Medicaid also dropped by 5.88% in states with medical cannabis laws compared with states without such laws, according to the studies.
“This study adds one more brick in the wall in the argument that cannabis clearly has medical applications,” said David Bradford, professor of public administration and policy at the University of Georgia and a lead author of the Medicare study.
“And for pain patients in particular, our work adds to the argument that cannabis can be effective.”
Medicare Part D, the optional prescription drug benefit plan for those enrolled in Medicare, covers more than 42 million Americans, including those 65 or older. Medicaid provides health coverage to more than 73 million low-income individuals in the US, according to the program’s website.
“Medicare and Medicaid publishes this data, and we’re free to use it, and anyone who’s interested can download the data,” Bradford said. “But that means that we don’t know what’s going on with the privately insured and the uninsured population, and for that, I’m afraid the data sets are proprietary and expensive.”

‘This crisis is very real’

The new research comes as the United States remains entangled in the worst opioid epidemic the world has ever seen. Opioid overdose has risen dramatically over the past 15 years and has been implicated in over 500,000 deaths since 2000 — more than the number of Americans killed in World War II.
“As somebody who treats patients with opioid use disorders, this crisis is

Arizona Legislature Ready to Approve Using Medical Marijuana to Treat Opioid Abuse

Medical marijuana will soon be recommended as a treatment for opioid addiction if a Republican-sponsored bill quietly progressing through the Arizona Legislature is successful. House Bill 2064, introduced by Representative Vince Leach, was originally intended only to ban dispensaries from selling edibles in packaging that could be appealing to children. But a little-noticed amendment to the…

Study: Marijuana Decriminalization Leads To Decreased Arrests, No Increase In Youth Use

St. Louis, MO: State laws reducing minor marijuana possession offenses from criminal to civil violations (aka decriminalization) are associated with dramatic reductions in drug-related arrests, and are not linked to any uptick in youth cannabis use, according to data published by researchers affiliated with Washington University and the National Bureau of Economic Research. Investigators examined the impact of…